Dedicated to the 100 million victims of communism worldwide.
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National Exhibit
National Exhibit
Vladimir Ilich Lenin

Vladimir Ilich Lenin (1870-1924) was born in a conventional bureaucratic family, his father serving as inspector of schools. He however, like his brothers and sisters, found himself attracted to the revolutionary movement. Expelled from the university for participating in a Student demonstration, he developed an abiding hatred for the tsarist regime and the "bourgeoisie". Originally sympathetic to the terrorist "Peoples' Will," in time he became a Marxist, convinced that the revolution would come to Russia as a result of capitalist development that would impoverish and thus radicalize the industrial working class.

Lenin spent some time in Siberian exile and on his return from it, in 1903 broke with the majority of Russian Social-Democrats who expected the revolution to be a mass movement by forming a Bolshevik faction based on strict discipline and prepared to take power so as to carry out a revolution "from above." The opportunity presented itself in the fall of 1917 when, following the abdication of tsar Nicholas II, Russia became mired in anarchy. In November of that year his followers seized power and established a Communist State.

This state, of which Lenin was the unquestioned dictator, nationalized most industries, eliminated rival parties and established a regime subsequently labeled "totalitarian." It repelled all attempts, both domestic and foreign, to topple it. Nevertheless Lenin died in 1924 a deeply disappointed man, frustrated by his inability to make Russia truly socialist and to export the revolution abroad.

Click for sources of the victims of communism

USSR:
Location:  Eurasia
Capital:  Moscow
Communist Rule:  1917-1991
Status:  Collapsed - 26.12.1991
Victims of Communism:
20-30 million